When you arrive, all you need do is look around to see why Rome is known as ‘the eternal city’. Roman history is believed to stretch back to the 6th or 7th century BC and, along with Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece, set down the roots of civilisation - the influence of which can still be seen in modern day.
Ancient and Medieval Rome
The founding of Rome is based on the legend of Romulus and Remus, orphaned twins who were raised by a she-wolf. The tale states that as adults, Romulus killed his brother and founded the city of Rome in 753 BC. Two centuries later, Rome came under Etruscan dominance, before the formation of the Roman Republic in the 4th century BC. 500 years later, Julius Caesar’s incursions into Gaul, now France, led to the birth of the Roman Empire. Almost 500 years after this, Rome fell in 476 BC.
In Medieval times, Rome was under barbarian and Byzantine rule, before the establishment of the Holy Roman Empire in the 9th century BC. Since this time, Rome has been an important holy site for Christians across the world and it still attracts pilgrims in their thousands today.
Renaissance history to the modern day
Later on, Renaissance Rome re-established the city and as a centre of art and culture, and the unification of Italy into one country dominated the 19th century. In the 20th century, Rome was the centre of Mussolini’s fascist dictatorship, which toppled after World War II when Italy became a Republic. Since then, Rome has gone on to become one the world’s busiest tourist attractions, fusing its long and intricate history with its contemporary reputation for design and elegance.